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Download PDF by René Dugas: A History of Mechanics

By René Dugas

ISBN-10: 0486656322

ISBN-13: 9780486656328

"A extraordinary paintings that allows you to stay a record of the 1st rank for the historian of mechanics." — Louis de Broglie
In this masterful synthesis and summation of the technological know-how of mechanics, Rene Dugas, a number one pupil and educator on the famed Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, offers with the evolution of the rules of basic mechanics chronologically from their earliest roots in antiquity during the center a long time to the progressive advancements in relativistic mechanics, wave and quantum mechanics of the early twentieth century.
The current quantity is split into 5 elements: the 1st treats of the pioneers within the examine of mechanics, from its beginnings as much as and together with the 16th century; the second one part discusses the formation of classical mechanics, together with the enormously artistic and influential paintings of Galileo, Huygens and Newton. The 3rd half is dedicated to the eighteenth century, during which the association of mechanics unearths its climax within the achievements of Euler, d'Alembert and Lagrange. The fourth half is dedicated to classical mechanics after Lagrange. partly 5, the writer undertakes the relativistic revolutions in quantum and wave mechanics.
Writing with nice readability and sweep of imaginative and prescient, M. Dugas follows heavily the guidelines of the nice innovators and the texts in their writings. the result's an extremely actual and target account, specifically thorough in its bills of mechanics in antiquity and the center a long time, and the $64000 contributions of Jordanus of Nemore, Jean Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Leonardo da Vinci, and lots of different key figures.
Erudite, entire, replete with penetrating insights, A History of Mechanics is an strangely skillful and wide-ranging research that belongs within the library of an individual attracted to the historical past of science.

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Sample text

As a consequence, it will either necessarily stay at rest or, if in motion, will move indefinitely unless some obstacle comes into collision with it. ” Aristotle’s ideas on gravitation and the figure of the Earth merit our attention, if only because of the influence which they have had on the development of the principles of mechanics. First we shall quote from the Treatise on the Heavens (Book II, Chapter XIV). “Since the centres of the Universe and of the Earth coincide, one should ask oneself towards which of these heavy bodies and even the parts of the Earth are attracted.

Once a projectile is thrown, the motive agency which assures the continuity of the motion resides in the air which has been set in motion. Aristotle then assumes that, in contrast to solid bodies, air spontaneously preserves the impulsion which it receives when the projectile is thrown, and that it can in consequence act as the motive agency during the projectile’s flight. This opinion may seem all the more paradoxical in view of the fact that Aristotle remarked, elsewhere, on the resistance of the medium.

On the other hand, there are few sciences which have required so much thought—the conquest of a few axioms has taken more than 2000 years. As Mr. Joseph Pérès has remarked, to speak of the miracle of Greece or of the night of the Middle Ages in the evolution of mechanics is not possible. Correctly speaking, Archimedes was able to conquer statics and knew how to construct a rational science in which the precise deductions of mathematical analysis played a part. But hellenic dynamics is now seen to be quite erroneous.

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A History of Mechanics by René Dugas

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